How to clean a vacuum cleaner – A complete guide

6 minute read |

How to clean a vacuum cleaner

Cleaning your vacuum cleaner is extremely important in order to keep your home clean. In this guide, Electrolux India will show you how to clean a vacuum cleaner with the following steps:
  • Disassemble and empty the vacuum cleaner
  • Remove and wash the filters
  • Clean the canister, hose, and attachments
  • Reassemble and test the vacuum cleaner

Things to prepare before cleaning your vacuum cleaner

What you will need for cleaning your vacuum cleaner

Prepare the following to make sure you have everything you need to get your vacuum cleaner sparkling clean:

  • Soft cloths such as microfiber cloths
  • A soft-bristled brush
  • Dishwashing soap
  • Water
  • A toothbrush and/or tweezers

How often should you clean your vacuum cleaner?

The frequency of cleaning your vacuum cleaner depends on the manufacturer's recommendations. However, if you have pets or allergies, you may need to clean it more frequently.

Vacuum cleaner parts

How often should you clean?

Vacuum cleaner filter

Every 3 months

Vacuum cleaner base plate and brushes

After every use

Vacuum cleaner dust container

After every use or when it’s half full

Vacuum cleaner hose and attachments

Every 3 months

How to clean a vacuum cleaner canister

Cleaning a vacuum cleaner’s canister is essential to ensure its proper functioning and longevity. Dirt, dust, and debris can accumulate in the canister, which can decrease suction power and cause clogs.

Follow these steps to clean your canister vacuum cleaner thoroughly:

Step 1: Disassemble the vacuum cleaner

Turn off the vacuum cleaner and unplug it from the power source. Remove the hose and any attachments from the canister.

Step 2: Empty the vacuum cleaner

Depending on the design of your vacuum cleaner, you may need to push a button or release a latch to remove the canister or vacuum bag. Dispose of the contents in a garbage bag.

Step 3: Remove the filters from the vacuum cleaner

Most canister vacuum cleaners have two filters: the pre-motor filter and the post-motor filter. Follow your instruction manual to remove the filters.

Step 4: Wash the filters

Follow the steps below to thoroughly clean your vacuum cleaner’s filters.

Step 5: Clean the canister

Use a soft-bristled brush or a cloth to remove any dirt, dust, or debris from the canister's interior. If necessary, you may use a mild detergent such as dishwashing soap and warm water to clean the canister. Rinse thoroughly and let it air dry completely.

Step 6: Clean the hose and attachments

Use a soft-bristled brush or a cloth to remove any dirt from the hose and attachments. You can use the same mix of dishwashing soap and water to clean them. Rinse thoroughly and let them air dry.

Step 7: Reassemble the vacuum cleaner

Once all the components are clean and dry, reassemble the vacuum cleaner. Reinstall the filters, attach the hose and attachments to the canister, and plug the vacuum cleaner back in.

Step 8: Test the vacuum cleaner

Turn on the vacuum cleaner and test its suction power. If it seems weak or ineffective, check for clogs in the hose or attachments.

How to clean your vacuum cleaner filters

Cleaning the filters of your vacuum cleaner is another important step. Accumulated dirt can decrease suction power and cause the vacuum cleaner to work less efficiently. Here's our step-by-step guide

Step 1: Remove the filters from the vacuum cleaner

Depending on the model, the filters may be in different areas of the vacuum cleaner. Check the manual to show where the filters are found.

Step 2: Check the filters for damage

If you see any tears, holes, or other damage, replace the filter instead of cleaning it.

Step 3: Remove rough dirt

Tap the filters to remove any loose dust and debris. You can do this by gently tapping the filter against a hard surface, such as a trash can. This will help to loosen any dirt or debris that is stuck to the filter.

Step 4: Remove fine dust with a brush

Use a soft-bristled brush to remove any remaining dust and debris from the filter. You can use a brush that is designed for cleaning filters or a soft-bristled brush that you have at home. Gently brush the filter in a circular motion to remove any remaining dirt or debris.

Step 5: Rinse the filter under cold water

Hold the filter under a cold tap and run water through it to remove any remaining dirt and debris. Be sure to rinse the filter thoroughly, so no dirt or debris remains.

Step 6: Let the filter dry completely

Once the filter has been rinsed, gently shake it to remove any excess water. Then, set it aside in a dry area to air dry completely. This may take a few hours.

Step 7: Reinstall the filter

Once the filter is completely dry, you can reinstall it in the vacuum cleaner. Follow your instruction manual.


How to clean a vacuum cleaner base plate

Since it usually does much of the proverbial heavy lifting, your vacuum cleaner’s base plate is often the part that gets dirtiest. Dirt, dust, and debris can accumulate and reduce suction power and cause the wheels or brushes to get stuck. Follow these steps to clean your vacuum cleaner's base plate:

Step 1: Clean the base plate with a brush

Use a soft-bristled brush to loosen any dirt and debris that's stuck to the base plate. With certain Electrolux models, be sure to take advantage of the patented BrushRollClean technology. Simply press the pedal on the base and an internal blade cuts up hair and debris, letting it get sucked in.

Step 2: Use a damp cloth to wipe away any loose dirt and debris

You can use a microfiber cloth or any cloth that's dampened with water. Wipe the base plate gently to remove any dirt and debris that's been loosened by the brush.

Step 3: Check for clogs in the base plate

Sometimes, debris can become stuck in the base plate, causing clogs. Use a small tool, such as a toothbrush or a pair of tweezers, to remove any debris.

Step 4: Clean brushes or rollers

If your vacuum cleaner has any brushes or rollers that are attached to the base plate, clean them according to your instruction manual. This may involve removing the brushes or rollers and cleaning them with a damp cloth.

Step 7: Dry the base plate

Once you've finished cleaning the base plate and any attachments, dry them with a clean, dry cloth. Be sure to dry them completely before reassembling the vacuum cleaner.

Read more: How to use a vacuum cleaner efficiently


Taking good care of your vacuum cleaner and keeping it clean will ensure that it keeps its suction power and keeps your home free of dirt instead of spreading grime. With Electrolux vacuum cleaners that feature multi-layer filtration systems to keep your home’s air clean as well as the BrushRollClean technology for easy cleaning, Electrolux should be your first choice when it comes to cleanliness.

  • 2-step dust emptying reduces spillages.
  • Uncompromised performance*, throughout the clean.
  • 6-Step filtration system for a clean home.
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  • PowerPro motor and nozzle for outstanding results.
  • DustPro nozzle for powerful all-floor dust pick up.
  • ErgoShock bumper protects furniture and walls.
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  • 2-in-1 performance nozzle cleans all floor types.
  • Easy-empty, bagless canister reduces contact with dust.
  • Hygienic HEPA filter for a clean, healthy home.
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